Discover (and save!) Fitting the Architecture Elements Together. Third is the ‘Data and Information’ level of the framework. •Initially Zachman’s EA Framework looked more like a taxonomy providing good places and names •The name “EA Ontology” appeared with the version 3 •The ideas associated with “Ontology”: - Not just names and places but their relationships are extremely important - Ontology model, method and … the EA3 Cube Framework? A segment architecture is somewhat similar, but usually focuses one or more particular business units or functions – such as the finance and accounting group, or how a financial ERP system and all of its modules are going to be implemented (general ledger, accounts payable, accounts receivable, payroll, benefits, etc.). [5 Marks] Q3. Various EA artifacts are used to document the future components at the Systems/Services level, including … Also note that EA3 calls the: Policy documents include those which can be categorized as general guidance (e.g., high-level directives and memos); specific program guidance (e.g., plans, and manuals); and detailed process guidance (e.g., standard operating procedures). Level dari contoh kerangka kerja ini adalah kerangka hirarkis sehingga sub-arsitektur yang berbeda (yang menggambarkan area fungsional yang berbeda) dapat berhubungan satu sama lain secara logis. Worth taking a look at the EA3 Framework which is quick to get to grips with and socialise. A horizontal (or crosscutting) component is a changeable goal, process, program, or resource that serves several lines of business. At the management level, EA supports design and configuration management decisions, as well as the alignment of IT initiatives with technical standards for voice, data, video, and security. How the enterprise is going to continually move from the current architecture to the future architecture is a significant planning and management challenge, especially if IT resources supporting key business functions are being replaced or upgraded. For an EA approach to be considered to be complete, the six core elements shown in Figure 1-4 must be present and work synergistically together. Figure 1-10 provides an example of how an EA repository might be designed. The sixth core element is “Associated Best Practices” which are proven ways to implement parts of the overall architecture or sub-architectures, in context of the over-arching EA. The terms in ONM are put into the framework as a baseline. Finally, for this level, when will the enterprise know that it has successfully reached these strategic goals or is making progress toward these goals (outcome measures)? Zachman Framework for Enterprise Architectures—An architectural framework in which an enterprise is modeled as 30 or 36 cells, each of which represents an intersection between a stakeholder perspective and an abstraction. EA provides support for IT resource decision-making at the executive, management, and staff levels of the enterprise. EA is primarily about designing virtual things – organizations and their capabilities, whereas traditional architecture is primarily about designing physical things. [5 Marks) 2. In comparing the EA3 Cube Framework, the Zachman Framework, and the TOGAF standard, describe how each captures multiple, often hierarchical views of … at each level of the framework, which are archived in an online EA repository to make them useable by various EA stakeholders. What are the workforce, standards, and security issues at this framework level? https://docs.google.com/document/d/1nkD9pNzQzWtGIkK0jEVZJVhULKnEWVQC … Sign Up for Free. Thus, the culture aspect is less mentioned compared to the structure. The Documentation Process. Standards. This is sometimes referred to as the “as-is” view. Mar 18, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Christophe G. Discover (and save!) When EA is THE architecture of an organization in all dimensions, it becomes the over-arching, highest level discipline and the authoritative reference for standards and practices. Desarrollado por Scott Bernard Las metas de negocio son el motor de cómo la AE está diseñada EA3 se basa en la función principal de ORGANIZAR Y PLANIFICAR los recursos de TI y la documentación de la AE. Watch Queue Queue. He works in the Office of Management and Budget within the Executive Office of the President of the United States. The LOB therefore can in some ways stand alone architecturally within the enterprise except that duplication in data, application, and network functions would occur if each LOB were truly independent. This site was designed with the .com. As such, planning activities often have focused on the development of individual technology solutions to meet particular organizational requirements. [5 Marks] 3. The first core element is “Governance” which identifies the planning, decision-making, and oversight processes and groups that will determine how the EA is developed and maintained, accomplished as part of an organization’s overall governance. The EA Repository is the on-line archive for EA information and the documentation artifacts that are described in the EA Management Plan. The third core element is “Framework” which identifies the scope of the overall architecture and the type and relationship of the various subarchitecture levels and threads. your own Pins on Pinterest the history of management fads, the “ cocaine for ex ecutives ” 41 (page 1). This transition includes the identification of new goals, activities, and all types of capital and human resources (including information technology) that will improve bottom line financial and mission performance. Mar 18, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Leille Sussman. Posts about EA3 Cube Framework written by CoherencyArchitect. Figure 1-3 illustrates how EA serves as an organizing context for the adoption and use of best practices. By using these hierarchical categories of documents, succinct and meaningful policy is established. Konsep yang digunakan dalam framework ini ditemukan pada suatu pekerjaan dari Talcott parson, James Thompson, John Zachman, Steven Spewak dan creator dari FEAF. Instead, the change management is presented more and the connection between the culture and change approach is not clarified either. This communication is supported through two EA program resources: the EA Management Plan and the EA Repository. How will the data underlying the information flows be formatted, generated, shared, and stored? The following equation is the ‘sound bite’ version of what EA is all about, and is intended to help readers remember the distinct difference between EA and other types of IT planning… that EA is driven by strategic goals and business requirements. Each area of the EA Framework represents a functional area of the enterprise. One of the most important functions of the EA is that it provides technology-related standards at all levels of the EA framework. There is still a place for technology planning, which is to design systems, applications, networks, call centers, networks, and other capital resources (e.g. How can multiple types of IT systems, services, applications, databases, and web sites be made to work together where needed? What then are the specific activities in each line of business (business services)? Not all frameworks allow for sub-domains or are able to integrate strategy, business, and technology planning. the EA3 Cube Framework? levels of the framework, a view of the potential future enterprise emerges that reveals changes in priorities, processes, and resources. Examples of components include strategic goals and initiatives; business products and services; information flows, knowledge warehouses, and data objects; information systems, software applications, enterprise resource programs, and web sites; voice, data, and video networks; and supporting infrastructure including buildings, server rooms, wiring runs/closets, and capital equipment. Report Writing Projects for ₹600 - ₹1500. Learning Objectives Understand the purpose of an EA framework as part of an EA implementation methodology. A Complete Approach to Enterprise Architecture A “complete” EA approach must include six core elements, which must be … Security. Zachman Framework) might only be the fad of the century - probably the most harmful f ad in . Doing this requires a new approach to planning and systems development, an approach that has come to be known as Enterprise Architecture (EA). EA3 Cube Framework (Bernard, 2012, p. 41). EA is both a noun and a verb. EA3 Cube Framework. Dr. Bernard created the EA3 Cube framework and the EA3 approach. Together the EA program and method provide an ongoing capability and actionable, coordinated views of an enterprise’s strategic direction, business services, information flows, and resource utilization. Enterprise Architecture = Strategy + Business + Technology. Report Writing Projects for ₹600 - ₹1500. His approach divides an enterprise into five architecture levels that are “hierarchical so that the different sub-architectures (that describe distinct functional areas) can be logically related to each other. How to get the most from business, technology, and human resources requires an enterprise to think in terms of enterprise-wide solutions, rather than individual systems and programs (Figure 1-1). Most of the Enterprise Architecture Frameworks are IT-centric, they are evolving to add more business focus for alignment to strategy. With regard to resources, one of the greatest challenges that many enterprises continue to face is how to identify the business and technology components of strategic initiatives. Home » EA3 » EA3 Cube » The EA3 Cube Approach, Keywords: EA3, EA3 Cube, Enterprise Architecture. There are also several areas common to all levels of the framework that are referred to as (6) “threads” as shown in Figure 1-6. Perhaps the greatest resource that an enterprise has is people. Rapport Skrivning Projects for ₹600 - ₹1500. EA is the one discipline that looks at systems holistically as well as provides a strategy and business context. EA3 Cube Overview. In comparing the EA3 Cube Framework, the Zachman Framework, and the TOGAF standard, describe how each captures multiple, often hierarchical views of … The EA3 Cube Framework (2004) A generalized framework for EA documentation is introduced in this book, which can be used in both the public and private sectors. Having an accurate and comprehensive current view of EA components is an important reference for project planning, asset management, and investment decision-making. b. Framework EA3 Cube merupakan framework umum yang digunakan untuk sector public dan swasta. Kerangka Kerja Kubus EA³ atau EA³ Cube Framework adalah kerangka kerja dokumentasi EA yang digeneralisasi oleh Scott A. Bernard (2005) sehingga dapat digunakan pada sektor publik mupun swasta. Future View of the Architecture ... are the EA components and documentation artifacts that are included in current and future views at each level of the EA3 Cube framework. What then are the strategic initiatives (ongoing programs or new projects) that will enable the enterprise to achieve those goals? The EA cannot reflect these changes in the future architecture unless the enterprise’s leadership team provides the changes in strategic direction and goals; unless the line of business managers and program managers provide the changes in business processes and priorities that are needed to accomplish the new goals; and unless the support/delivery staff identifies viable technology and staffing solutions to meet the new business requirements. Level dari contoh kerangka kerja ini adalah kerangka hirarkis sehingga sub-arsitektur yang berbeda (yang menggambarkan area fungsional … The following is an example of how to communicate about EA with stakeholders. Konsep yang digunakan dalam framework ini ditemukan pada suatu pekerjaan dari Talcott parson, James Thompson, John Zachman, Steven Spewak dan creator dari FEAF. Do any of these business services or manufacturing processes need to be reengineered/improved before they are made to be part of the future architecture? Layer pada framework dibentuk hirarki sehingga sub arsitektur yang berbeda memiliki relasi satu sama lain. Reference Architecture / Segment Architecture. The process includes the components. To be effective, IT security must work across all levels of the EA framework and within all of the EA components. When the lines of business and specific business service/products have been identified, it is important to ask what are the flows of information that will be required within and between activity areas in order to make them successful? Discover (and save!) Key Term: Horizontal (Crosscutting) Component. Create your website today. Additionally, there are ‘threads’ that pervade every level of the architecture: standards, security, and skills. Creating an enterprise-wide architecture is accomplished through a standardized process that is sustained through an ongoing management program. your own Pins on Pinterest EA an ongoing management program that provides a strategic, integrated approach to capability and resource planning / decision-making. EA extends beyond technology planning, by adding strategic planning as the primary driver of the enterprise, and business planning as the source of most program and resource requirements. Enterprise Architecture is an emerging profession and management practice that is devoted to improving the performance of enterprises by enabling them to see themselves in terms of a holistic and integrated view of their strategic direction, business practices, information flows, and technology resources. The concept of ‘enterprise’ architecture analysis and design emerged in the early 1990’s and has evolved to include views of strategic goals, business services, information flows, systems and applications, networks, and the supporting infrastructure. Various Forms of Artifacts There are various forms of artifacts in the EA 3 framework. ... called Living Enterprise™ and it is designed to support documentation that is organized through the use of the EA³ Cube framework. Remember this lecture 1 slide? Mô hình hóa tài liệu và mô hình thông tin xuất hiện trong kỷ nguyên điện toán máy tính lớn khi các yêu cầu về dữ liệu, phần mềm và phần cứng trở nên phức tạp và nhiều mặt hơn, và khi các loại người dùng cuối tăng lên và … As was mentioned in the previous section, the EA Management Plan is a living document that is periodically updated so that it remains relevant as the ongoing primary reference for describing where the current and future architectures are at. Both TOGAF and the Zachman framework are enterprise architecture frameworks, not web application frameworks, which this question got tagged as. To begin to use the framework in a top down-manner, a series of questions at each level should be asked in order to determine how information about the enterprise will fit within that level of the framework. By providing a holistic, hierarchical view of current and future resources, EA supports the establishment of policy for: Identifying strategic and operational requirements Determining the strategic alignment of activities and resources Developing enterprise-wide business and technology resources Prioritizing the funding of programs and projects Overseeing the management of programs and projects Identifying performance metrics for programs and projects Identifying and enforcing standards and configuration management. [5 Marks] Q3. An enterprise architecture framework (EA framework) defines how to create and use an enterprise architecture.An architecture framework provides principles and practices for creating and using the architecture description of a system. [5 Marks] End of the exam techniques and object oriented data modeling techniques (UML)? These are the types of questions that should be answered in the first few sessions of EA program and documentation meetings in order to promote an understanding of how the EA framework and documentation can reflect the enterprise. What are the workforce, standards, and security issues at this level? The current view of the EA serves to create a ‘baseline’ inventory of current resources and activities that is documented in a consistent way with the future view of the EA so that analysts can see gaps in performance between future plans and the current capabilities. The future architecture documents those new or modified EA components that are needed by the enterprise to close an existing performance gap or support a new strategic initiative, operational requirement, or technology solution. Key Term: Enterprise Architecture – The analysis and documentation of an enterprise in its current and future states from an integrated strategy, business, and technology perspective. I call this the “battle of the best practices” and it creates an expensive dilemma for organizations – what to adopt? This helps to maximize the efficiency and effectiveness of these resources, which in turn will help to promote the enterprise’s competitive capabilities. The current architecture contains those EA components that currently exist within the enterprise at each level of the framework. Posts about EA3 Cube written by CoherencyArchitect. Having a single source of reference is essential to avoiding waste and duplication in large, complex organizations. The framework’s scope is reflected through its geometric design and the areas that are identified for documentation. Mar 18, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Leille Sussman. Chapter 9 provides additional details on the development of an EA Management Plan. By developing current and future versions of this integrated view, an enterprise can better manage the transition from current to future operating methods. The framework is in the shape of a cube and it is built based on the idea thathierarchies are essential to avoid sub-architectures (Bernard 2004). Enterprise architecture is accomplished through a management program and an analysis and design method that is repeatable at various levels of scope. Hal ini dilakukan dengan memposisikan tujuan/inisiatif strategis tingkat tinggi pada posisi puncak, produk/pelayanan bisnis, dan arus data/informasi pada … The framework addresses all dimensions relevant for enterprise innovation like business mod-el, organization, processes, and technology and provides appro-priate design techniques. EA further supports standardized, proven approaches to project management that promote the comprehensive and effective oversight of ongoing programs and new development projects. An EA program is part of an overall governance process that determines resource alignment, develops standardized policy, enhances decision support, and guides development activities. Key Term: Enterprise – An organization or sub-activity whose boundary is defined by commonlyheld goals, processes, and resources. Nguồn gốc của các khung. The future architecture should cover planned changes to EA components in the near term (tactical changes in the next 1-2 years), as well as changes to EA components that are a result of the implementation of long-term operating scenarios that look 3-10 years into the future. How far into the future should the EA future views attempt to provide documentation? Hình 1: EA3 Cube Framework. A big part of this challenge is that technology, information technology (IT) in particular, has historically not been viewed as a strategic asset. EA Analysis and Design Element #6: Threads. There are many parallels in these two disciplines and there are a number of intersecting areas such as creating work environments that promote productivity and support agility. A Complete Approach to Enterprise Architecture. provides examples of existing frameworks and discusses the EA3 Cube Framework which is a generalized framework that is suitable for use in public and private sector enterprises. The strategic use of resources is increasingly important to the success of public and private sector enterprises, including extended enterprises involving multiple internal and external participants (e.g., supply chains). Components of an EA3 framework 2 5. The six basic elements of an EA analysis and design method were presented: the EA documentation framework, EA components, current EA views, future EA views, an EA Management Plan and multilevel threads that include security, standards, and workforce planning. Risk – the governance, risk and compliance. Developing an enterprise-wide architecture using the EA methods described in this book is a unique and valuable undertaking for organizations, in that the EA is holistic and serves as an umbrella or “metacontext” for all other management and technology best practices. Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework There are: - Core mission-area segments, related to a specific organization or a department And - Business-services segments, that are reused across all enterprise From the Federal Enterprise Architecture perspective the enterprise is built of segments Jeff_zhuk@yahoo.com . Doing this requires a new approach to planning and systems development, an approach that has come to be known as Enterprise Architecture. Combined with the Cube to illustrate what kind of artifacts than can be identified at the five levels of the cube. Mar 18, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Leille Sussman. It may involve the manufacture of certain products, the provision of services, or internal administrative functions. The EA3 Cube approach is an example of a complete approach to EA. It is also important to understand how the various areas of policy are inter-related so that program implementation across the enterprise is coordinated. Mar 18, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by xolsen. EA Analysis and Design Element #5: EA Management Plan. EA3 está construido por In the following example of how to talk about EA, the five levels and three vertical threads of the EA3 Cube framework are used for illustration. An EA Documentation framework 2. 3.Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework (FEAF). EA3 está construido por 6 elementos básicos EA Core Element #1. The word ‘enterprise’ implies a high-level, strategic view of the entire entity, while the word ‘architecture’ implies a structured framework for the analysis, planning, and development of all resources in that entity.4. EA3 Cube Framework Bernard anvender et perspektiv der understøtter at enterprise arkitektur som begreb og som metode favner bade it-relaterede elementer og forretningselementer. Don't have an account? The simple edition of the EA cube that explains the various components, and layers within the framework. Regarding the “battle of the best practices”, organizations in the public and private sectors are often faced with decisions about which practices to adopt as they pursue quality, agility, efficiency; manage risk, and adopt new technologies. The EA repository is essentially a website and database that stores information and provides links to EA tools and other EA program resources. [5 Marks] 3. Architecture By developing current and future versions of this integrated view, an enterprise can manage the transition from current to future operating states. that serves one line of business. The fifth core element is “Standards” which identify business and technology standards for the enterprise in each domain, segment, and component of the EA. 9. Being able to understand and relate how the architecture fits together is essential to being able to use the EA in planning and decision-making throughout the enterprise. 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